Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

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  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 09 January 2014
  • ISBN : 9780444535047
  • Page : 472 pages
  • Rating : 4.5/5 from 103 voters

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology Book PDF summary

Advances in our understanding of the brain and rapid advances in the medical practice of neurology are creating questions and concerns from an ethical and legal perspective. Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology provides a detailed review of various general aspects of neuroethics, and contains chapters dealing with a vast array of specific issues such as the role of religion, the ethics of invasive neuroscience research, and the impact of potential misconduct in neurologic practice. The book focuses particular attention on problems related to palliative care, euthanasia, dementia, and neurogenetic disorders, and concludes with examinations of consciousness, personal identity, and the definition of death. This volume focuses on practices not only in North America but also in Europe and the developing world. It is a useful resource for all neuroscience and neurology professionals, researchers, students, scholars, practicing clinical neurologists, mental health professionals, and psychiatrists. A comprehensive introduction and reference on neuroethics Includes coverage of how best to understand the ethics and legal aspects of dementia, palliative care, euthanasia and neurogenetic disorders Brings clarity to issues regarding ethics and legal responsibilities in the age of rapidly evolving brain science and related clinical practice

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Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : James L. Bernat,Richard Beresford
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2014-01-09
  • ISBN : 9780444535047
DOWNLOAD BOOKEthical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Advances in our understanding of the brain and rapid advances in the medical practice of neurology are creating questions and concerns from an ethical and legal perspective. Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology provides a detailed review of various general aspects of neuroethics, and contains chapters dealing with a vast array of specific issues such as the role of religion, the ethics of invasive neuroscience research, and the impact of potential misconduct in neurologic practice. The book focuses particular attention

Ethical Issues in Neurology

Ethical Issues in Neurology
  • Author : James L. Bernat
  • Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  • Release Date : 2008
  • ISBN : 0781790603
DOWNLOAD BOOKEthical Issues in Neurology

Written by an eminent authority from the American Academy of Neurology's Committee on Ethics, Law, and Humanities, this book is an excellent text for all clinicians interested in ethical decision-making. The book features outstanding presentations on dying and palliative care, physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia, medical futility, and the relationship between ethics and the law. New chapters in this edition discuss how clinicians resolve ethical dilemmas in practice and explore ethical issues in neuroscience research. Other highlights include updated

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Marie-Aurélie Bruno,Steven Laureys,Athena Demertzi
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2014-01-09
  • ISBN : 9780128080795
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Patients in coma, vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome, and in minimally conscious states pose medical, scientific, and ethical challenges. As patients with disorders of consciousness are by definition unable to communicate, the assessment of pain, quality of life, and end-of-life preferences in these conditions can only be approached by adopting a third-person perspective. Surveys of healthcare workers’ attitudes towards pain and end of life in disorders of consciousness shed light on the background of clinical reality, where no standard medical-legal

Ethical Dilemmas in Neurology

Ethical Dilemmas in Neurology
  • Author : Adam Zeman,Linda L. Emanuel
  • Publisher : Bailliere Tindall Limited
  • Release Date : 2000
  • ISBN : UOM:39015049545059
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An international team of recognized authorities offer a collection of thought provoking essays on ethical questions often faced by neurologists in clinical practice. Each chapter covers a difficult situation that isfrequently encountered, and for which there is no clear right answer International contributors bring a wide range of backgrounds and perspectives to the different dilemmas Hot topics such as the ethics of clinical trials are discussed. Review of topics such as new drugs and their impact on health care budgets,

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Lois Margaret Nora
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2014-01-09
  • ISBN : 9780128080672
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There is dynamic interplay between the disciplines of law and ethics, and the result is often laws and regulation that impact the practice of clinical neurology. This chapter explores how the disciplines of law and ethics inform and intersect with each other, and how resulting law impacts the everyday work of the clinical neurologist. Examples of how the core bioethical principles of nonmaleficence, beneficence, respect for autonomy, and justice are manifest in legislative, common, and administrative laws are presented. Examples

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Gideon Yaffe
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2014-01-09
  • ISBN : 9780128080917
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Sufferers from neurologic and psychiatric disorders are not uncommonly defendants in criminal trials. This chapter surveys a variety of different ways in which neurologic disorder bears on criminal responsibility. It discusses the way in which a neurologic disorder might bear on the questions of whether or not the defendant acted voluntarily; whether or not he or she was in the mental state that is required for guilt for the crime; and whether or not he or she is deserving of

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Paul J. Ford,Abhishek Deshpande
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2014-01-09
  • ISBN : 9780128080887
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A clear understanding of distinctions and definitions is necessary before determining which types of surgically invasive neuroscience research should be permitted and how the experimental protocols can properly be undertaken. A failure to clarify the ethical distinctions in invasive neuroscience research hinders attempts at ethical analysis and guidance. At least four main distinctions need to be addressed: “invasiveness” as an important moral characteristic; special brain–mind-related risks; research participant selection; and ideologic interpretation of human function. Harm and not invasiveness

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Eric Racine
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2014-01-09
  • ISBN : 9780128080924
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In this chapter, evolution of ethics and bioethics is traced to show how an abstract and individualistic paradigm was at the core of mainstream ethics prior to the advent of bioethics and applied ethics. Bioethics has transformed this individualistic paradigm because of its inherent interdisciplinarity and real-world connection. This evolution has raised questions regarding how nonabstract (e.g., experiential) and nonindividualistic (e.g., social, relational) components of ethics could be married to normative theory and ethics reflection, the latter usually

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Leo Mccluskey
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2014-01-09
  • ISBN : 9780128080818
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Acute and chronic peripheral and/or central disorders of the voluntary motor system can produce profound paresis or paralysis, at times with ophthalmoplegia, while preserving consciousness and language function. Although at times appearing to be unconscious, these patients are awake and alert but unable to communicate, manipulate their environment, or participate in medical decision-making. Clinicians caring for these patients are ethically tasked with recognizing this clinical reality, enacting measures to facilitate communication, and abiding by ethical and legal principles that

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Ralf J. Jox,Ruth J. Horn,Richard Huxtable
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2014-01-09
  • ISBN : 9780128080757
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End-of-life care practices and attitudes in Europe are highly diverse, which is unsurprising given the variety of cultural and religious patterns across this region. The most marked differences are in the legal and ethical stances towards assisted dying, although there are also variations in limitation of life-sustaining treatment and the authority of advance directives to decline such treatment. Palliative care has made a rapid and impressive development in many European countries over the last decade, and alleviating symptoms at the

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : H. Richard Beresford
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2014-01-09
  • ISBN : 9780128080665
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Ethically salient issues in neurologic care may have important legal overtones. This chapter considers some of these, emphasizing how law may influence the outcome of controversies over how best to promote autonomy, beneficence, and justice in the care of individuals with neurologic disorders. Constitutional, statutory, and judicial dimensions are addressed. With respect to autonomy, discussion emphasizes legal dimensions of the doctrine of informed consent and the obligations of medical professionals to protect the privacy and confidentiality of their patients. The

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Eran Klein,Jason Karlawish
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2014-01-09
  • ISBN : 9780128080825
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Caring for persons with Alzheimer’s disease presents neurologists with ethical challenges. Some of these, such as end-of-life care or research participation, are well known and have significant overlap with challenges in other areas of medicine or other neurologic diseases, such as cancer or traumatic brain injury, while others, such as the rise of biomarker-based diagnostics, are more novel and reflect the impact of developments in the science and clinical care of Alzheimer’s disease. A thoughtful and systematic approach

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : James A. Anderson,Marleen Eijkholt,Judy Illes
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2014-01-09
  • ISBN : 9780128080900
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In this chapter, we use the special features of neuroimaging to illustrate research ethics issues for the clinical neurologic sciences, and focus on one particularly compelling case: studies involving first-episode schizophrenic treatment-naïve individuals (FESTNIs) (). FESTNIs are scanned prior to the administration of medication in order to control for the confounding effects of treatment. By concentrating on this program of research, we capture the distinctive ethical challenges associated with neuroimaging research overall, and foreground the issues particular to neuroimaging research

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Emily B. Rubin
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2014-01-09
  • ISBN : 9780128080696
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Standards of conduct in any profession reflect the shared values of that profession and define behaviors by its members that are considered either mandatory or proscribed. This chapter will provide an overview of several of the primary aspects of professional conduct and misconduct by physicians, with an emphasis on the neurologist where appropriate. It will start with an overview of the foundations of the physician–patient relationship, then cover topics including initiation of the physician–patient relationship, communication, therapeutic privilege,

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Tracy K. Koogler
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2014-01-09
  • ISBN : 9780128080801
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The debate surrounding neurologically devastated newborns, whether due to severe prematurity or genetic malformations, has continued for over 40 years. Duff and Campbell (1973) first discussed allowing these children to die in the 1970s. In the 1980s, others fought to make sure these children with disabilities were afforded all the rights of other children. Recently, some commentators have advocated for withdrawal of therapies and even euthanasia in the Netherlands. Who is right? What are the ethical principles that should be followed? What