Astrocytes and Epilepsy

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  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 05 July 2016
  • ISBN : 9780128026243
  • Page : 394 pages
  • Rating : 4.5/5 from 103 voters

Astrocytes and Epilepsy Book PDF summary

Epilepsy is a devastating group of neurological disorders characterized by periodic and unpredictable seizure activity in the brain. There is a critical need for new drugs and approaches given than at least one-third of all epilepsy patients are not made free of seizures by existing medications and become "medically refractory". Much of epilepsy research has focused on neuronal therapeutic targets, but current antiepileptic drugs often cause severe cognitive, developmental, and behavioral side effects. Recent findings indicate a critical contribution of astrocytes, star-shaped glial cells in the brain, to neuronal and network excitability and seizure activity. Furthermore, many important cellular and molecular changes occur in astrocytes in epileptic tissue in both humans and animal models of epilepsy. The goal of Astrocytes and Epilepsy is to comprehensively review exciting findings linking changes in astrocytes to functional changes responsible for epilepsy for the first time in book format. These insights into astrocyte contribution to seizure susceptibility indicate that astrocytes may represent an important new therapeutic target in the control of epilepsy. Astrocytes and Epilepsy includes background explanatory text on astrocyte morphology and physiology, epilepsy models and syndromes, and evidence from both human tissue studies and animal models linking functional changes in astrocytes to epilepsy. Beautifully labelled diagrams are presented and relevant figures from the literature are reproduced to elucidate key findings and concepts in this rapidly emerging field. Astrocytes and Epilepsy is written for neuroscientists, epilepsy researchers, astrocyte investigators as well as neurologists and other specialists caring for patients with epilepsy. Presents the first comprehensive book to synthesize historical and recent research on astrocytes and epilepsy into one coherent volume Provides a great resource on the field of astrocyte biology and astrocyte-neuron interactions Details potential therapeutic targets, including chapters on gap junctions, water and potassium channels, glutamate and adenosine metabolism, and inflammation

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Astrocytes and Epilepsy

Astrocytes and Epilepsy
  • Author : Jacqueline A. Hubbard,Devin K. Binder
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-07-05
  • ISBN : 9780128026243
DOWNLOAD BOOKAstrocytes and Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a devastating group of neurological disorders characterized by periodic and unpredictable seizure activity in the brain. There is a critical need for new drugs and approaches given than at least one-third of all epilepsy patients are not made free of seizures by existing medications and become "medically refractory". Much of epilepsy research has focused on neuronal therapeutic targets, but current antiepileptic drugs often cause severe cognitive, developmental, and behavioral side effects. Recent findings indicate a critical contribution of

Crucial Role for Astrocytes in Epilepsy

Crucial Role for Astrocytes in Epilepsy
  • Author : Peter Bedner,Christian Steinhäuser
  • Publisher : Biota Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-08-01
  • ISBN : 9781615047154
DOWNLOAD BOOKCrucial Role for Astrocytes in Epilepsy

This book summarizes current evidence of astrocyte dysfunction in epilepsy and discusses presumed underlying mechanisms. Epilepsy is characterized by the periodic occurrence of seizures. Currently available anticonvulsant drugs and therapies are insufficient to controlling seizures in about one third of patients. Thus, there is an urgent need for new therapies that prevent generation of the disorder and improve seizure control in individuals already afflicted. The vast majority of epileptic cases are of idiopathic origin with their underlying mechanisms being unclear.

Jasper's Basic Mechanisms of the Epilepsies

Jasper's Basic Mechanisms of the Epilepsies
  • Author : Jeffrey Noebels,Massimo Avoli,Michael Rogawski,Richard Olsen,Antonio Delgado-Escueta
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2012-06-01
  • ISBN : 9780199842599
DOWNLOAD BOOKJasper's Basic Mechanisms of the Epilepsies

H.H. Jasper, A.A. Ward, A. Pope and H.H. Merritt, chair of the Public Health Service Advisory Committee on the Epilepsies, National Institutes of Health, published the first volume on Basic Mechanisms of the Epilepsies (BME) in 1969. Their ultimate goal was to search for a "better understanding of the epilepsies and seek more rational methods of their prevention and treatment." Since then, basic and clinical researchers in epilepsy have gathered together every decade and a half with these

Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures
  • Author : Simon Shorvon,Renzo Guerrini,Mark Cook,Samden Lhatoo
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2012-12-20
  • ISBN : 9780199659043
DOWNLOAD BOOKOxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

Part of the Oxford Textbooks in Clinical Neurology (OTCN) series, this volume covers the scientific basis, clinical diagnosis, and treatment of epilepsy and epileptic seizures, and is complemented by an online edition.

The Causes of Epilepsy

The Causes of Epilepsy
  • Author : Simon D. Shorvon,Frederick Andermann,Renzo Guerrini
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2011-04-14
  • ISBN : 9781139495783
DOWNLOAD BOOKThe Causes of Epilepsy

Causation is an aspect of epilepsy neglected in the scientific literature and in the conceptualization of epilepsy at a clinical and experimental level. It was to remedy this deficiency that this book was conceived. The book opens with a draft etiological classification that goes some way to filling the nosological void. The book is divided into four etiological categories: idiopathic, symptomatic, cryptogenic, and provoked epilepsies. Each chapter considers topics in a consistent fashion, dealing with the phenomenon of epilepsy in

Introduction to Epilepsy

Introduction to Epilepsy
  • Author : Gonzalo Alarcón,Antonio Valentín
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2012-04-26
  • ISBN : 9780521691581
DOWNLOAD BOOKIntroduction to Epilepsy

Covers all aspects of epilepsy, from basic mechanisms to diagnosis and management, as well as legal and social considerations.

The Plastic Mind

The Plastic Mind
  • Author : Sharon Begley
  • Publisher : Hachette UK
  • Release Date : 2012-10-25
  • ISBN : 9781472103567
DOWNLOAD BOOKThe Plastic Mind

For decades, the conventional wisdom of neuroscience held that the hardware of the brain is fixed - that we are stuck with what we were born with. But recent pioneering experiments in neuroplasticity reveal that the brain is capable not only of altering its structure but also of generating new neurons, even into old age. The brain can adapt, heal, renew itself after trauma and compensate for disability. In this groundbreaking book, highly respected science writer Sharon Begley documents how

Astrocytes

Astrocytes
  • Author : Eliana Scemes,David C. Spray
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-19
  • ISBN : 9781439825853
DOWNLOAD BOOKAstrocytes

Astrocytes play diverse roles in central nervous system (CNS) function and dysfunction, and the connections that the astrocyte makes with other cells of the brain are essential for a variety of important neural tasks. Bringing together contributions from international experts at the top of their field, Astrocytes: Wiring the Brain emphasizes cellular connections and surveys the most current findings on astrocyte activity. The first section of the book identifies major astrocyte biomarkers and describes how they define the different connectivity