Evolution Explanation Ethics and Aesthetics

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  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 21 July 2016
  • ISBN : 9780128037317
  • Page : 420 pages
  • Rating : 4.5/5 from 103 voters

Evolution Explanation Ethics and Aesthetics Book PDF summary

Evolution, Explanation, Ethics and Aesthetics: Towards a Philosophy of Biology focuses on the dominant biological topic of evolution. It deals with the prevailing philosophical themes of how to explain the adaptation of organisms, the interplay of chance and necessity, and the recurrent topics of emergence, reductionism, and progress. In addition, the extensively treated topic of how to explain human nature as a result of natural processes and the encompassed issues of the foundations of morality and the brain-to-mind transformation is discussed. The philosophy of biology is a rapidly expanding field, not more than half a century old at most, and to a large extent is replacing the interest in the philosophy of physics that prevailed in the first two-thirds of the twentieth century. Few texts available have the benefit of being written by an eminent biologist who happens to be also a philosopher, as in this work. This book is a useful resource for seminar courses and college courses on the philosophy of biology. Researchers, academics, and students in evolutionary biology, behavior, genetics, and biodiversity will also be interested in this work, as will those in human biology and issues such as ethics, religion, and the human mind, along with professional philosophers of science and those concerned with such issues as whether evolution is compatible with religion and/or where morality comes from. Presents the unique perspective of a distinguished biologist with extensive experience in the field who has published much about the subject in a wide variety of journals and edited volumes Covers the philosophical issues related to evolution and biology in an approachable and readable style Includes the most up-to-date treatment of this burgeoning, exciting field within biology Provides the ideal guide for researchers, academics, and students in evolutionary biology, behavior, genetics, and biodiversity

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Evolution, Explanation, Ethics and Aesthetics

Evolution, Explanation, Ethics and Aesthetics
  • Author : Francisco J. Ayala
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-07-21
  • ISBN : 9780128037317
DOWNLOAD BOOKEvolution, Explanation, Ethics and Aesthetics

Evolution, Explanation, Ethics and Aesthetics: Towards a Philosophy of Biology focuses on the dominant biological topic of evolution. It deals with the prevailing philosophical themes of how to explain the adaptation of organisms, the interplay of chance and necessity, and the recurrent topics of emergence, reductionism, and progress. In addition, the extensively treated topic of how to explain human nature as a result of natural processes and the encompassed issues of the foundations of morality and the brain-to-mind transformation is

The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution

The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution
  • Author : Stephen Davies
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2012-11-29
  • ISBN : 9780191633119
DOWNLOAD BOOKThe Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution

The Artful Species explores the idea that our aesthetic responses and art behaviors are connected to our evolved human nature. Our humanoid forerunners displayed aesthetic sensibilities hundreds of thousands of years ago and the art standing of prehistoric cave paintings is virtually uncontested. In Part One, Stephen Davies analyses the key concepts of the aesthetic, art, and evolution, and explores how they might be related. He considers a range of issues,including whether animals have aesthetic tastes and whether art

Evolutionary Aesthetics of Human Ethics in Hardy’s Tragic Narratives

Evolutionary Aesthetics of Human Ethics in Hardy’s Tragic Narratives
  • Author : Rıza Öztürk
  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release Date : 2011-05-25
  • ISBN : 9781443830416
DOWNLOAD BOOKEvolutionary Aesthetics of Human Ethics in Hardy’s Tragic Narratives

Treatment of Hardy’s tragic narratives under the objective lens of evolutionary literary theory has led to three basic findings: First, within the scope of the analysis of the five major tragic narratives, representation of Hardy’s evolutionary aesthetics of human ethics, in terms of altruistic sympathy and compassion, shows that adapted parental investment in children indicates the reason why women submit to pain and suffering more than the men do. The costly investment of women in maternal behaviour leads

Musical Aesthetics

Musical Aesthetics
  • Author : Jonathan L. Friedmann
  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release Date : 2018-07-27
  • ISBN : 9781527514904
DOWNLOAD BOOKMusical Aesthetics

This book contains six chapters covering key areas of musical aesthetics, including aesthetics of emotions; aesthetics of listening; aesthetics of performance; aesthetics of composition; aesthetics of nature; and aesthetics of commerce. Each chapter adopts an experiential approach to aesthetics, in which perceptual and intuitive musical responses – real-time experiences – are valued as a source of truth. Unlike intellectual aesthetics, which values conscious associations and meticulous artistic appraisals, experiential aesthetics looks primarily at everyday subconscious appreciations. The explorations here draw from the

Beyond Evolution

Beyond Evolution
  • Author : Anthony O'Hear
  • Publisher : Clarendon Press
  • Release Date : 1997-10-09
  • ISBN : 9780191519666
DOWNLOAD BOOKBeyond Evolution

Anthony O'Hear takes a stand against the fashion for explaining human behaviour in terms of evolution. He maintains, controversially, that while the theory of evolution is successful in explaining the development of the natural world in general, it is of limited value when applied to the human world. Because of our reflectiveness and our rationality we take on goals and ideals which cannot be justified in terms of survival-promotion or reproductive advantage. O'Hear examines the nature of human self-consciousness, and

The Cognitive Underpinnings of Anthropomorphism

The Cognitive Underpinnings of Anthropomorphism
  • Author : Gabriella Airenti,Marco Cruciani,Alessio Plebe
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2019-10-04
  • ISBN : 9782889630387
DOWNLOAD BOOKThe Cognitive Underpinnings of Anthropomorphism

The attribution of human traits to non-humans - animals, artifacts or even natural events - is an attitude, deeply grounded in human mind. It is frequent to see children addressing dolls and figures as if they were alive. Adults often attribute mental states and emotions to animals. In everyday life humans speak of events such as fires as if they possessed some form of intentionality, a behavior sometimes shared also by scientists. Furthermore, a systematized form of anthropomorphism underlies most

Evolutionary Aesthetics

Evolutionary Aesthetics
  • Author : Eckart Voland,Karl Grammer
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-04-17
  • ISBN : 9783662071427
DOWNLOAD BOOKEvolutionary Aesthetics

Evolutionary aesthetics is the attempt to understand the aesthetic judgement of human beings and their spontaneous distinction between "beauty" and "ugliness" as a biologically adapted ability to make important decisions in life. The hypothesis is - both in the area of "natural beauty" and in sexuality, with regard to landscape preferences, but also in the area of "artificial beauty" (i.e. in art and design) - that beauty opens up fitness opportunities, while ugliness holds fitness risks. In this book,

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy
  • Author : Ted Honderich
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2005-03-10
  • ISBN : 9780191037474
DOWNLOAD BOOKThe Oxford Companion to Philosophy

Oxford University Press presents a major new edition of the definitive philosophical reference work for readers at all levels. For ten years the original volume has served as a stimulating introduction for general readers and as an indispensable guide for students; its breadth and depth of coverage have ensured that it is also read with pleasure and interest by those working at a higher level in philosophy and related disciplines. A distinguished international assembly of 249 philosophers contributed almost 2,000 entries, and

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy
  • Author : Ted Honderich
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2005-03-10
  • ISBN : 9780199264797
DOWNLOAD BOOKThe Oxford Companion to Philosophy

An in-depth philosophical reference work furnishes clear and reliable guidance on the ideas of philosophers, ranging from antiquity to the present day, and the major philosophical systems around the globe.

Ecological Awareness

Ecological Awareness
  • Author : Sigurd Bergmann,Heather Eaton
  • Publisher : LIT Verlag Münster
  • Release Date : 2011
  • ISBN : 9783825819507
DOWNLOAD BOOKEcological Awareness

Ecological Awareness, with seventeen authors from multiple disciplines, explores how religious practitioners have become increasingly aware of ecological challenges. It sheds new light on an essential function of belief systems, which function not only as cognitive and moral systems, but emerge from and affect the human body and its mode of perceiving our milieu and ourselves within it. The book also contributes to an increasing awareness of our embeddedness in larger life processes, as well as the awareness of life

Doing Science: In The Light Of Philosophy

Doing Science: In The Light Of Philosophy
  • Author : Bunge Mario Augusto
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2016-11-25
  • ISBN : 9789813202795
DOWNLOAD BOOKDoing Science: In The Light Of Philosophy

Nearly all philosophers have dealt with the outcomes of scientific research, and have overlooked its philosophical presuppositions, such as those of rationality and realism. Although these presuppositions are mostly tacit and thus easily overlooked, actually they are supremely important, since some of them favor research whereas others hamper it. For instance, whereas subjectivism leads to navel gazing and uncontrolled fantasy, realism encourages us to explore the world and check our conjectures. This book examines science in the making, a process

The Routledge Handbook of Evolution and Philosophy

The Routledge Handbook of Evolution and Philosophy
  • Author : Richard Joyce
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-08-16
  • ISBN : 9781317655565
DOWNLOAD BOOKThe Routledge Handbook of Evolution and Philosophy

In recent years, the relation between contemporary academic philosophy and evolutionary theory has become ever more active, multifaceted, and productive. The connection is a bustling two-way street. In one direction, philosophers of biology make significant contributions to theoretical discussions about the nature of evolution (such as "What is a species?"; "What is reproductive fitness?"; "Does selection operate primarily on genes?"; and "What is an evolutionary function?"). In the other direction, a broader group of philosophers appeal to Darwinian selection in

Religion, Supernaturalism, the Paranormal and Pseudoscience

Religion, Supernaturalism, the Paranormal and Pseudoscience
  • Author : Homayun Sidky
  • Publisher : Anthem Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-30
  • ISBN : 9781785271632
DOWNLOAD BOOKReligion, Supernaturalism, the Paranormal and Pseudoscience

"Religion, Supernaturalism, the Paranormal, and Pseudoscience" provides a comprehensive rejoinder to the challenges posed to science, scientific anthropology, evolutionary theory and rationality by the advocates of supernatural, paranormal, and pseudoscientific perspectives and modes of thought associated with the current rise of irrationalism, antiintellectualism, and emboldened religious fundamentalism and violence. Drawing upon H. Sidky’s scientific anthropological background and ethnographic field research of supernatural and paranormal beliefs and practices in several cultures over three decades, the book answers several important questions:

Wittgenstein's Tractatus

Wittgenstein's Tractatus
  • Author : Peter Sullivan,Michael Potter
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-02-28
  • ISBN : 9780199665785
DOWNLOAD BOOKWittgenstein's Tractatus

These new studies of Wittgenstein's 'Tractatus' represent a significant step beyond recent polemical debate. They cover a wide range of themes, and show that close investigation into the composition of the work, and into the various influences on it, has much to yield in revealing the complexity and fertility of Wittgenstein's early thought.

Constructing Ethical Patterns in Times of Globalization

Constructing Ethical Patterns in Times of Globalization
  • Author : Matti Aleksi Kuokkanen
  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release Date : 2012-01-20
  • ISBN : 9789004224339
DOWNLOAD BOOKConstructing Ethical Patterns in Times of Globalization

Inspired by the Catholic theologian Hans Küng, this book searches for a model for global ethics by analysing the contemporary philosophical discussion. It demonstrates that the Western model is unable to reckon with exclusivism and difference and presents an alternative model.