Computational Psychiatry

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  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 24 November 2020
  • ISBN : 9780262044592
  • Page : 342 pages
  • Rating : 4.5/5 from 103 voters

Computational Psychiatry Book PDF summary

The first introductory textbook in the emerging, fast-developing field of computational psychiatry. Computational psychiatry applies computational modeling and theoretical approaches to psychiatric questions, focusing on building mathematical models of neural or cognitive phenomena relevant to psychiatric diseases. It is a young and rapidly growing field, drawing on concepts from psychiatry, psychology, computer science, neuroscience, electrical and chemical engineering, mathematics, and physics. This book, accessible to nonspecialists, offers the first introductory textbook in computational psychiatry. After more than 100 years of psychological theories, psychopharmacological research, and clinical experience, the challenges of understanding and treating mental illness remain. Computational psychiatry seeks to explain how psychiatric dysfunction may emerge mechanistically, and how it may be classified, predicted, and clinically addressed. It has the potential to bridge advances in neuroscience and clinical applications, connecting low-level biological features with high-level cognitive features. After a survey of computational psychiatry methods, the book covers biologically detailed models of working memory and decision making and computational models of cognitive control. It then describes the application of computational approaches to schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, addiction, and Tourette's syndrome. Finally, the book briefly discusses additional disorders and offers guidelines for future research. Chapters also offer discussions of related issues, chapter summaries, and suggestions for further study. The book can be used as a textbook by students and as a reference for scientists and clinicians interested in applying computational models to diagnosis and treatment strategies.

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Computational Psychiatry

Computational Psychiatry
  • Author : Peggy Series
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2020-11-24
  • ISBN : 9780262044592
DOWNLOAD BOOKComputational Psychiatry

The first introductory textbook in the emerging, fast-developing field of computational psychiatry. Computational psychiatry applies computational modeling and theoretical approaches to psychiatric questions, focusing on building mathematical models of neural or cognitive phenomena relevant to psychiatric diseases. It is a young and rapidly growing field, drawing on concepts from psychiatry, psychology, computer science, neuroscience, electrical and chemical engineering, mathematics, and physics. This book, accessible to nonspecialists, offers the first introductory textbook in computational psychiatry. After more than 100 years of psychological

Computational Psychiatry

Computational Psychiatry
  • Author : A. David Redish,Joshua A. Gordon
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2016-12-09
  • ISBN : 9780262035422
DOWNLOAD BOOKComputational Psychiatry

Psychiatrists and neuroscientists discuss the potential of computational approaches to address problems in psychiatry including diagnosis, treatment, and integration with neurobiology. Modern psychiatry is at a crossroads, as it attempts to balance neurological analysis with psychological assessment. Computational neuroscience offers a new lens through which to view such thorny issues as diagnosis, treatment, and integration with neurobiology. In this volume, psychiatrists and theoretical and computational neuroscientists consider the potential of computational approaches to psychiatric issues. This unique collaboration yields surprising

Computational Psychiatry

Computational Psychiatry
  • Author : Alan Anticevic,John D Murray
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-09-19
  • ISBN : 9780128098264
DOWNLOAD BOOKComputational Psychiatry

Computational Psychiatry: Mathematical Modeling of Mental Illness is the first systematic effort to bring together leading scholars in the fields of psychiatry and computational neuroscience who have conducted the most impactful research and scholarship in this area. It includes an introduction outlining the challenges and opportunities facing the field of psychiatry that is followed by a detailed treatment of computational methods used in the service of understanding neuropsychiatric symptoms, improving diagnosis and guiding treatments. This book provides a vital resource

The Routledge Handbook of the Computational Mind

The Routledge Handbook of the Computational Mind
  • Author : Mark Sprevak,Matteo Colombo
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2018-09-13
  • ISBN : 9781317286721
DOWNLOAD BOOKThe Routledge Handbook of the Computational Mind

Computational approaches dominate contemporary cognitive science, promising a unified, scientific explanation of how the mind works. However, computational approaches raise major philosophical and scientific questions. In what sense is the mind computational? How do computational approaches explain perception, learning, and decision making? What kinds of challenges should computational approaches overcome to advance our understanding of mind, brain, and behaviour? The Routledge Handbook of the Computational Mind is an outstanding overview and exploration of these issues and the first philosophical collection

A New Understanding of Mental Disorders

A New Understanding of Mental Disorders
  • Author : Andreas Heinz
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2017-10-20
  • ISBN : 9780262342858
DOWNLOAD BOOKA New Understanding of Mental Disorders

A new computational and dimensional approach to understanding and classifying mental disorders: modeling key learning and decision-making mechanisms across different mental disorders. Even as researchers look for neurobiological correlates of mental disorders, many of these disorders are still classified solely according to the manifestation of clinical symptoms. Neurobiological findings rarely help diagnose a specific disease or predict its outcome. Although current diagnostic categories are questionable (sometimes labeling common states of human suffering as disorders), traditional neuroimaging approaches are not sophisticated

Computational Models of Brain and Behavior

Computational Models of Brain and Behavior
  • Author : Ahmed A. Moustafa
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-11-13
  • ISBN : 9781119159063
DOWNLOAD BOOKComputational Models of Brain and Behavior

A comprehensive Introduction to the world of brain and behavior computational models This book provides a broad collection of articles covering different aspects of computational modeling efforts in psychology and neuroscience. Specifically, it discusses models that span different brain regions (hippocampus, amygdala, basal ganglia, visual cortex), different species (humans, rats, fruit flies), and different modeling methods (neural network, Bayesian, reinforcement learning, data fitting, and Hodgkin-Huxley models, among others). Computational Models of Brain and Behavior is divided into four sections: (a)

Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry

Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry
  • Author : Jeffrey Poland,Serife Tekin
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2017-01-13
  • ISBN : 9780262035484
DOWNLOAD BOOKExtraordinary Science and Psychiatry

Leading scholars offer perspectives from the philosophy of science on the crisis in psychiatric research that exploded after the publication of DSM-5. Psychiatry and mental health research is in crisis, with tensions between psychiatry's clinical and research aims and controversies over diagnosis, treatment, and scientific constructs for studying mental disorders. At the center of these controversies is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), which—especially after the publication of DSM-5—many have found seriously flawed as a

An Introduction to Model-Based Cognitive Neuroscience

An Introduction to Model-Based Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Author : Birte U. Forstmann,Eric-Jan Wagenmakers
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-04-20
  • ISBN : 9781493922369
DOWNLOAD BOOKAn Introduction to Model-Based Cognitive Neuroscience

Two recent innovations, the emergence of formal cognitive models and the addition of cognitive neuroscience data to the traditional behavioral data, have resulted in the birth of a new, interdisciplinary field of study: model-based cognitive neuroscience. Despite the increasing scientific interest in model-based cognitive neuroscience, few active researchers and even fewer students have a good knowledge of the two constituent disciplines. The main goal of this edited collection is to promote the integration of cognitive modeling and cognitive neuroscience. Experts

Computational Neurology and Psychiatry

Computational Neurology and Psychiatry
  • Author : Péter Érdi,Basabdatta Sen Bhattacharya,Amy L. Cochran
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-01-25
  • ISBN : 9783319499598
DOWNLOAD BOOKComputational Neurology and Psychiatry

This book presents the latest research in computational methods for modeling and simulating brain disorders. In particular, it shows how mathematical models can be used to study the relationship between a given disorder and the specific brain structure associated with that disorder. It also describes the emerging field of computational psychiatry, including the study of pathological behavior due to impaired functional connectivity, pathophysiological activity, and/or aberrant decision-making. Further, it discusses the data analysis techniques that will be required to

Precision Psychiatry

Precision Psychiatry
  • Author : Leanne M. Williams, Ph.D.,Laura M. Hack, M.D., Ph.D.
  • Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
  • Release Date : 2021-10-15
  • ISBN : 9781615371587
DOWNLOAD BOOKPrecision Psychiatry

Psychiatry is dedicated to understanding mental disorders and helping people struggling with them live fulfilling lives. Although current treatment modalities can be remarkably effective at improving patients' quality of life and mitigating the burden of symptoms for disorders like depression, bipolar disorder, or posttraumatic stress disorder, finding the right treatment for an individual can be a long and fraught process during which symptoms can worsen the risks associated with other health conditions. Precision psychiatry, as outlined in this groundbreaking book,

Computational Psychiatry

Computational Psychiatry
  • Author : Rodrick Wallace
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-04-20
  • ISBN : 9783319539102
DOWNLOAD BOOKComputational Psychiatry

This book explores mental disorders from a uniquely evolutionary perspective. Although there have been many attempts to mathematically model neural processes and, to some extent, their dysfunction, there is very little literature that models mental function within a sociocultural, socioeconomic, and environmental context. Addressing this gap in the extant literature, this book explores essential aspects of mental disorders, recognizing the ubiquitous role played by the exaptation of crosstalk between cognitive modules at many different scales and levels of organization, the

Computational Social Psychology

Computational Social Psychology
  • Author : Robin R. Vallacher,Stephen J. Read,Andrzej Nowak
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-05-25
  • ISBN : 9781351701686
DOWNLOAD BOOKComputational Social Psychology

Computational Social Psychology showcases a new approach to social psychology that enables theorists and researchers to specify social psychological processes in terms of formal rules that can be implemented and tested using the power of high speed computing technology and sophisticated software. This approach allows for previously infeasible investigations of the multi-dimensional nature of human experience as it unfolds in accordance with different temporal patterns on different timescales. In effect, the computational approach represents a rediscovery of the themes and

Integrative Psychiatry and Brain Health

Integrative Psychiatry and Brain Health
  • Author : Daniel A. Monti,Andrew B. Newberg
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-01-24
  • ISBN : 9780190690571
DOWNLOAD BOOKIntegrative Psychiatry and Brain Health

Integrative Medicine is an emerging discipline that not only bridges the existing disciplines of psychiatry psychology, but provides a scientifically-based framework that synthesizes the rest of physiology, biochemistry and other health dimensions such as social support and spirituality, which collectively contribute to brain and body health and overall well-being. Patients who have not tolerated or not responded optimally to traditional treatments are also good candidates for integrative approaches. This new edition of Integrative Psychiatry and Brain Health reflects the tremendous

Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine

Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine
  • Author : Martin Brüne
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-10-29
  • ISBN : 9780198717942
DOWNLOAD BOOKTextbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine

The Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine updates and expands on the original Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry (OUP, 2008) to provide answers to these questions by emphasising an evolutionary perspective on psychiatric and psychosomatic conditions. It explains how the human brain/mind has been shaped by natural and sexual selection; why adaptations to environmental conditions in our evolutionary past may nowadays work in suboptimalways; and how human cognition, emotions, and behaviour can be scientifically framed to improve our understanding of

Psychiatry

Psychiatry
  • Author : Sidney Bloch,Stephen A. Green,Jeremy Holmes
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2014
  • ISBN : 9780199638963
DOWNLOAD BOOKPsychiatry

Psychiatry: Past, Present, and Prospect provides a set of perspectives written in essay form from eminent contributors, covering the major developments in psychiatry over the last 40 years.