Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

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  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
  • ISBN : 9780128055533
  • Page : 648 pages
  • Rating : 4.5/5 from 103 voters

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges Book PDF summary

This chapter outlines the aims and scope of the book. An introduction is given to the current status of knowledge which is presented on the topic of the book. Arguments are presented for writing the book, in view of continued, long-term and process-based research needed for mitigating ecological and socio-economic risks to forests under global change. The book will conclude on suggestions for decision making and reasons for continued funding of related research.

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Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Rainer Matyssek,Nicholas Clarke,Pavel Cudlin,Teis Nørgaard Mikkelsen,Juha-Pekka Tuovinen,Gerhard Wieser,Elena Paoletti
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • ISBN : 9780128055533
DOWNLOAD BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

This chapter outlines the aims and scope of the book. An introduction is given to the current status of knowledge which is presented on the topic of the book. Arguments are presented for writing the book, in view of continued, long-term and process-based research needed for mitigating ecological and socio-economic risks to forests under global change. The book will conclude on suggestions for decision making and reasons for continued funding of related research.

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • ISBN : 9780080983424
DOWNLOAD BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

There are significant pressures from climate change and air pollution that forests currently face. This book aims to increase understanding of the state and potential of forest ecosystems to mitigate and adapt to climate change in a polluted environment. It reconciles process-oriented research, long-term monitoring and applied modeling through comprehensive forest ecosystem research. Furthermore, it introduces "forest super sites for research for integrating soil, plant and atmospheric sciences and monitoring. It also provides mechanistic and policy-oriented modeling with scientifically sound

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Rainer Matyssek,Thomas Knoke,Nicholas Clarke,Pavel Cudlin,Teis Nørgaard Mikkelsen,Juha-Pekka Tuovinen,Gerhard Wieser,Elena Paoletti
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • ISBN : 9780128055793
DOWNLOAD BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Conclusions from the individual chapters are integrated into a synopsis, covering achievements and perspectives, and linking challenges for natural and social sciences, provisioning ecosystem services (ESs) under environmental change. The required research and policy making are facilitated by novel understanding of ecosystem functioning and internal factorial interactions with the atmosphere. A basis is provided through methodological progress for establishing forest research ‘supersites’ within global research networks, possessing capacities for creating generic mechanistic knowledge of ecological relevance. On such grounds, provisioning

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Andrzej Bytnerowicz,Mark Fenn,Steven McNulty,Fengming Yuan,Afshin Pourmokhtarian,Charles Driscoll,Tom Meixner
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • ISBN : 9780128055687
DOWNLOAD BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

A review of the current status of air pollution and climate change (CC) in the United States from a perspective of their impacts on forest ecosystems is provided. Ambient ozone (O3) and nitrogen (N) deposition have important and widespread ecological impacts in U.S. forests. Effects of sulphurous (S) air pollutants and other trace pollutants have significant ecological importance only at much smaller geographic scales. Complex interactive effects of air pollution and CC for selected future CC scenarios are reviewed.

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Vivek Pandey,Elina Oksanen,Nandita Singh,Chhemendra Sharma
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • ISBN : 9780128055700
DOWNLOAD BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

The air pollution and greenhouse gas emission problem has been exacerbated in India due to large population increase and rapid economic growth. The Indo-Gangetic Plains of Northern India, one of the most fertile regions of the world, has become one of the most polluted regions. The region has emerged as a ‘hot spot’ for air pollution, especially ozone (O3), threatening food-grain production. The air quality data show large parts of India suffering from high pollution load. Unfortunately, O3 monitoring is

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Stan Cieslik,Juha-Pekka Tuovinen,Manuela Baumgarten,Rainer Matyssek,Patricia Brito,Gerhard Wieser
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • ISBN : 9780128055540
DOWNLOAD BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate change is expected to affect the exchange of gases between forest ecosystems and the atmosphere. In this review, we focus on a few related topics, including the emission of greenhouse gases from the forest floor, and vegetation fires and their impact on air quality and soil CO2 efflux. In particular, we summarise the current state of knowledge on O3 deposition in forest ecosystems, both for stomatal uptake and non-stomatal sinks. Based on such summaries, we discuss interactions between forests,

Global Challenges of Air Pollution and Climate Change to Forests

Global Challenges of Air Pollution and Climate Change to Forests
  • Author : Elena Paoletti,Pierre Sicard
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2016
  • ISBN : OCLC:956699822
DOWNLOAD BOOKGlobal Challenges of Air Pollution and Climate Change to Forests

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Elena Paoletti,Wim de Vries,Teis Nørgaard Mikkelsen,Andreas Ibrom,K.S. Larsen,Juha-Pekka Tuovinen,Yussuf Serengil,I. Yurtseven,Gerhard Wieser,Rainer Matyssek
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • ISBN : 9780128055755
DOWNLOAD BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Untangling the complex effects that different air pollution and climate change factors cause to forest ecosystems is challenging. Supersites, that is, comprehensive measurement sites where research and monitoring of the whole soil–plant–atmosphere system can be carried out, are suggested as a refinement of the current monitoring and research efforts in Europe. This chapter identifies and discusses key measurements to be carried out at such supersites, with a focus on four topical subjects: the carbon, nitrogen, ozone and water

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Pavel Cudlín,Josef Seják,Jan Pokorný,Jana Albrechtová,Olaf Bastian,Michal Marek
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • ISBN : 9780128055762
DOWNLOAD BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Forests provide many supporting, regulating and cultural services. Extensive environmental changes have resulted in a substantial loss or degradation of forest ecosystem services (ES). Unclear interactions of climate-change phenomena make it difficult to estimate forest ES. Research on interactive effects of climate change and air pollution has become a central issue in forest science during the past decade. Climate change in interaction with air pollution brings novel combinations of severity and timing of multiple stresses, which may significantly affect many

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Dieter Ernst
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • ISBN : 9780128055663
DOWNLOAD BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

This chapter focuses on the ozone-affected transcriptional responses of juvenile and mature trees under controlled greenhouse and free-air exposure systems. Transcriptional changes are compared to proteomic and metabolite analyses, and short-term changes (acute exposure) to long-term effects (chronic exposure). Free-air exposure systems designed to scale up molecular studies of ozone responses in mature trees at the ecosystem level are reviewed. New technologies, for example, high-throughput methods that integrate genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics, contribute to a deeper insight into the

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Juha-Pekka Tuovinen,Hannele Hakola,Per Erik Karlsson,David Simpson
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • ISBN : 9780128055571
DOWNLOAD BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

The air pollution load to northern European forests is changing as a result of emission reductions. Climate change modifies this load, either directly via atmospheric processes or indirectly by affecting emission patterns. We estimate the risk of harmful effects due to tropospheric ozone and nitrogen deposition in present and future conditions. Our modelling results show that critical levels are exceeded in northern Europe for both ozone and nitrogen. Emission reductions will reduce the vegetation stress, but climate change is likely

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Improving Air Quality

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Improving Air Quality
  • Author : Larry E. Erickson,Gary Brase
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-18
  • ISBN : 9781351116565
DOWNLOAD BOOKReducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Improving Air Quality

The world’s atmosphere is a common resource. Air quality, along with energy, transportation, and climate change have significant impacts on our lives and this book helps readers understand the changes happening at the nexus of these areas, as they relate to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving air quality. Discussing the transitions to electric vehicles, solar and wind energy for electricity generation, battery developments, smart grids and electric power management, and progress in the electrification of agricultural technology, it

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Takayoshi Koike,Makoto Watanabe,Yasutomo Hoshika,Mitsutoshi Kitao,Hideyuki Matsumura,R. Funada,Takeshi Izuta
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • ISBN : 9780128055694
DOWNLOAD BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Air pollution, especially ozone, in East and Southeast Asia is considered to be more serious than in Europe and North America. An increase in ozone concentration may lead to adverse effects on forest trees in East and Southeast Asia where we have high species richness. Although some information on the effects of ozone on plantation tree species in East Asia is available, the situation of most countries in Southeast Asia is not clarified. In Japan, advanced methodologies such as the

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Francesco Loreto,Silvano Fares
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • ISBN : 9780128055564
DOWNLOAD BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC) play a critical role in biosphere–atmosphere interactions and are key constraints of the physical and chemical properties of the atmosphere, potentially influencing the climate and the quality of air, especially in the areas exposed to in situ release or long-range transport of anthropogenically polluted air masses. Under these conditions, reactive BVOC may contribute to ozone and particle production. The very large amount of BVOC emitted by vegetation, estimated today to more than 1000Tg C

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Lauri Laakso,Johan Paul Beukes,Pieter Gideon Van Zyl,Jacobus J. Pienaar,Miroslav Josipovic,Andrew Venter,Kerneels Jaars,Ville Vakkari,Casper Labuschagne,Kgaugelo Chiloane,Juha-Pekka Tuovinen
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • ISBN : 9780128055724
DOWNLOAD BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

The tropospheric ozone concentrations over southern Africa are relatively high due to large precursor emissions from biomass burning, vegetation and anthropogenic sources and the intensity of solar radiation. In this study, we summarize ozone concentration data from both literature and new measurements. Further, we present data on the accumulated vegetation exposure to ozone in terms of the AOT40 index, which is calculated for the sites with hourly ozone and radiation data, with an aim to assess the potential for adverse