Blinding as a Solution to Bias

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  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 30 January 2016
  • ISBN : 9780128026335
  • Page : 388 pages
  • Rating : 4.5/5 from 103 voters

Blinding as a Solution to Bias Book PDF summary

What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, politicians, and scientists has been recognized for hundreds of years and drawn attention from media and scholars seeking to understand the role that conflicts of interests and other psychological processes play. However, commonly proposed solutions to biased decision-making, such as transparency (disclosing conflicts) or exclusion (avoiding conflicts) do not directly solve the underlying problem of bias and may have unintended consequences. Robertson and Kesselheim bring together a renowned group of interdisciplinary scholars to consider another way to reduce the risk of biased decision-making: blinding. What are the advantages and limitations of blinding? How can we quantify the biases in unblinded research? Can we develop new ways to blind decision-makers? What are the ethical problems with withholding information from decision-makers in the course of blinding? How can blinding be adapted to legal and scientific procedures and in institutions not previously open to this approach? Fundamentally, these sorts of questions—about who needs to know what—open new doors of inquiry for the design of scientific research studies, regulatory institutions, and courts. The volume surveys the theory, practice, and future of blinding, drawing upon leading authors with a diverse range of methodologies and areas of expertise, including forensic sciences, medicine, law, philosophy, economics, psychology, sociology, and statistics. Introduces readers to the primary policy issue this book seeks to address: biased decision-making. Provides a focus on blinding as a solution to bias, which has applicability in many domains. Traces the development of blinding as a solution to bias, and explores the different ways blinding has been employed. Includes case studies to explore particular uses of blinding for statisticians, radiologists, and fingerprint examiners, and whether the jurors and judges who rely upon them will value and understand blinding.

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Blinding as a Solution to Bias

Blinding as a Solution to Bias
  • Author : Christopher T Robertson,Aaron S Kesselheim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-01-30
  • ISBN : 9780128026335
DOWNLOAD BOOKBlinding as a Solution to Bias

What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, politicians, and scientists has been recognized for hundreds of years and drawn attention from media and scholars seeking to understand the role that conflicts of interests and other psychological processes

Blinding As a Solution to Bias

Blinding As a Solution to Bias
  • Author : Aaron S. Kesselheim,Christopher T. Robertson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-02-02
  • ISBN : 0128024607
DOWNLOAD BOOKBlinding As a Solution to Bias

What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, politicians, and scientists has been recognized for hundreds of years and drawn attention from media and scholars seeking to understand the role that conflicts of interests and other psychological processes

Expert Failure

Expert Failure
  • Author : Roger Koppl
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-02-08
  • ISBN : 9781107138469
DOWNLOAD BOOKExpert Failure

Roger Koppl develops a theory of experts and expert failure, and illustrates his theory with wide-ranging examples, including that of state regulation of economic activity.

Behavioral Clinical Trials for Chronic Diseases

Behavioral Clinical Trials for Chronic Diseases
  • Author : Lynda H. Powell
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-08-13
  • ISBN : 9783030393304
DOWNLOAD BOOKBehavioral Clinical Trials for Chronic Diseases

Good Research Practice in Non-Clinical Pharmacology and Biomedicine

Good Research Practice in Non-Clinical Pharmacology and Biomedicine
  • Author : Anton Bespalov,Martin C. Michel,Thomas Steckler
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-01-01
  • ISBN : 9783030336561
DOWNLOAD BOOKGood Research Practice in Non-Clinical Pharmacology and Biomedicine

This open access book, published under a CC BY 4.0 license in the Pubmed indexed book series Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, provides up-to-date information on best practice to improve experimental design and quality of research in non-clinical pharmacology and biomedicine.

Essentials of Research Methodology for all Physiotherapy and Allied Health Sciences Students

Essentials of Research Methodology for all Physiotherapy and Allied Health Sciences Students
  • Author : Thangamani A Ramalingam,Senthil NS Kumar
  • Publisher : Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers
  • Release Date : 2018-11-16
  • ISBN : 9789352706099
DOWNLOAD BOOKEssentials of Research Methodology for all Physiotherapy and Allied Health Sciences Students

Race on the Brain

Race on the Brain
  • Author : Jonathan Kahn
  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-11-07
  • ISBN : 9780231545389
DOWNLOAD BOOKRace on the Brain

Of the many obstacles to racial justice in America, none has received more recent attention than the one that lurks in our subconscious. As social movements and policing scandals have shown how far from being “postracial” we are, the concept of implicit bias has taken center stage in the national conversation about race. Millions of Americans have taken online tests purporting to show the deep, invisible roots of their own prejudice. A recent Oxford study that claims to have found

Evidence-Based Chiropractic Practice

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  • Author : Michael T. Haneline
  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • Release Date : 2006-08
  • ISBN : 9780763735715
DOWNLOAD BOOKEvidence-Based Chiropractic Practice

Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition. This text informs readers about the procedures involved in the practice of evidence-based chiropractic, background information that is needed to obtain and interpret chiropractic evidence, as well as practical examples to assist with implementation.

Research Model Innovations in Advancing Neonatal Care

Research Model Innovations in Advancing Neonatal Care
  • Author : Fook-Choe Cheah,Geok Chin Tan,Yuan Shi
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2021-08-09
  • ISBN : 9782889711581
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Critical Thinking in Clinical Research

Critical Thinking in Clinical Research
  • Author : Felipe Fregni,Ben M.W. Illigens
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-03-13
  • ISBN : 9780199324507
DOWNLOAD BOOKCritical Thinking in Clinical Research

One of the most crucial skills a clinician, scientist, or student can learn is to create, conduct, and interpret the conclusions of a clinical study. Critical Thinking in Clinical Research teaches these fundamentals in four distinct sections, called "units": the first unit focuses on issues surrounding the design of a study such as population, question selection, randomization, and blinding; Unit 2 presents statistical methods such as analyzing data collected, how to present and discuss the data concisely; the third unit covers

The Self in Social Judgment

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  • Author : Mark D. Alicke,David A. Dunning,Joachim Krueger
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2013-05-13
  • ISBN : 9781135423445
DOWNLOAD BOOKThe Self in Social Judgment

The volume begins with a historical overview of the self in social judgment and outlines the major issues. Subsequent chapters, all written by leading experts in their respective areas, identify and elaborate four major themes regarding the self in social judgment: · the role of the self as an information source for evaluating others, or what has been called 'social projection' · the assumption of personal superiority as reflected in the pervasive tendency for people to view their characteristics more favorably than

Midwifery

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  • Author : Sally Pairman,Sally K.. Tracy,Carol Thorogood,Jan Pincombe
  • Publisher : Elsevier Australia
  • Release Date : 2010
  • ISBN : 9780729539289
DOWNLOAD BOOKMidwifery

Specifically reflects the historical and socio-political environment in which midwives in Australia and New Zealand practice. This new edition has a greater emphasis on the development of critical thinking and researching skills.

Fundamentals of Clinical Trials

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  • Author : Lawrence M. Friedman,Curt D. Furberg,David L. DeMets
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-09-09
  • ISBN : 9781441915863
DOWNLOAD BOOKFundamentals of Clinical Trials

The clinical trial is “the most definitive tool for evaluation of the applicability of clinical research.” It represents “a key research activity with the potential to improve the quality of health care and control costs through careful comparison of alternative treatments” [1]. It has been called on many occasions, “the gold st- dard” against which all other clinical research is measured. Although many clinical trials are of high quality, a careful reader of the medical literature will notice that a large

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  • Author : Kerryn Phelps,Craig Hassed
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release Date : 2012-10-30
  • ISBN : 9780729582179
DOWNLOAD BOOKJoints and Connective Tissues

Joints and Connective Tissues - General Practice: The Integrative Approach Series. In order to diagnose and manage the patient presenting with musculoskeletal symptoms, it is important to distinguish whether the pathology is arising primarily in the so-called hard tissues (such as bone) or the soft tissues (such as cartilage, disc, synovium, capsule, muscle, tendon, tendon sheath). It is also important to distinguish between the two most common causes of musculoskeletal symptoms, namely inflammatory and degenerative.

Midwifery - E-Book

Midwifery - E-Book
  • Author : Jan Pincombe,Carol Thorogood,Sally K. Tracy,Sally Pairman
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release Date : 2015-02-11
  • ISBN : 9780729583350
DOWNLOAD BOOKMidwifery - E-Book

Perfect for: • Bachelor of Midwifery students • Postgraduate Midwifery students • Combined Nursing degree students • Combined Nursing degree students Midwifery: Preparation for Practice 3e is the definitive midwifery text for Australian and New Zealand midwifery students. The third edition continues to reinforce the established principles of midwifery philosophy and practice—that of working in partnership with women and midwifery autonomy in practice and from this perspective, presents the midwife as a primary healthcare practitioner. It carefully examines the very different maternity care